There are times when you will need to change a light fitting such as when the old one is faulty. This can be a simple task if you know what the correct steps to take are. It is important that you are safe when you change a light fitting.
Turn Off The Power
For safety reasons, the first step in changing a light fitting is to turn off the power at the mains. Just turning off the light switch is not enough as the wires in the fitting will still have access to power. It is also important that you advise everyone in your home that you will be working on the light fittings and that they should not turn the power back on.
Remove The Light Cover
Once the power is off, you need to remove the light bulb from the current fitting. You should then carefully remove the fitting cover to expose the wires inside it. At this point, you need to note each wire so they can be replaced in the same position in your new light fitting. You should also consider taking a picture with your phone as this will make wiring the new fitting easier.
Remove The Wiring
After noting the location of the wires, you will need to remove the wires. To do this, you need to use an insulated screwdriver and unscrew each of the wires from the terminal. It is important that you use an insulated screwdriver to avoid any shocks from residue power.
Unscrew The Mounting Plate
Once the wires have been removed, you can remove the mounting plate. To do this, you will need to unscrew the plate and then loosen it. You need to be careful when removing the plate as you do not want to damage the ceiling.
Replace The Wire
If you see any obvious damage to the wires, you need to cut off the end of the damaged wire. Once you have made this cut, you will have to strip back some of the insulation to expose enough of the copper wire to secure in the new fitting. After doing this, you can place the new mounting plate onto the ceiling and replace the wires into their correct place.
Replace The Cover
Once the wiring has been replaced, you need to screw the cover of the new fitting in place. You can then fit a light bulb and turn the mains back on. You should then test your work by turning the light on.